Stomach ulcers are sores on the inner lining of the upper small intestines or stomach. They are called peptic ulcers. There ulcers are formed when the upper layer of the stomach or intestine is broken. The tissues of the stomach and intestines get damaged by the digestive juices that contain pepsin an enzyme and hydrochloric acid. The two main causes of stomach ulcer are infection from helicobacter pylori bacteria and by some anti-inflammatory medicines. The ulcers can be completely cured with precautions and treatment.
Symptoms of Stomach Ulcer include a burning and pain in the upper part of the abdomen. This can be relieved by antacids. Other symptoms are bloating after eating, loss of appetite and weight loss. Nausea and vomiting and passing black stool or blood in the stools are some symptoms in serious cases.
Diets to Prevent Stomach Ulcer
- Vegetables like potatoes, cauliflower and other mild vegetables are rich in fibre and contain non-acidic properties. They are the best food to treat heartburns. Raw onions and French beans increase heart burn and must be avoided.
- Mild Fruits like apples and bananas are non-citrus fruits which provide the nutrients and vitamins to the body and do not cause heart burn. Acidic fruits like pineapple, lemon and tomato should be avoided.
- Certain Dairy products also result into heartburn, but these products cannot be completely avoided as they are sources of calcium and other essential nutrients that are required by the body. It is better to use the low fat milk, cheese and cream to help in reducing heartburn.
- Whole Grains are complex carbohydrates in the form of pasta; crackers, corn and rice provide full nutrients to the body and assist in reducing heartburn.
Preventing measures are easier to be determined once the cause of stomach ulcer is known. Preventive measures are merely bringing changes in one’s lifestyle. Healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables, milk and milk products and whole grains will be of great help to prevent stomach ulcer Medications and pain relievers causing ulcers should be replaced with other medicines. Most medicines should be taken after a full meal to avoid irritation to the stomach lining. Mental stress need to be minimized with the help of relaxation techniques. Smoking and excess consumption of alcohol must be avoided
Foods to be avoided: Here are some foods that should be avoided.
- Fatty foods like hamburgers and hot dogs and fried foods lead to the risk of stomach ulcer
- Vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, and broccoli can increase the formation of stomach acid.
- Caffeine in tea, coffee, and soda. Increase the secretion of gastric acid that leadto stomach ulcer.
Points to Remember
It is beneficial to eat small meals 5-6 times a day than just eat three big meals. Smaller meals are easier for the stomach to digest.
Fruits and vegetables that are rich in fibers are good to eat.
Relaxation after meals and during meals helps in proper digestion.
Food should need to be chewed well and eaten slowly.
Evening meals should be taken three hours before sleeping.